Apartment Industry Contributes $3.4 Trillion to National Economy

Posted By: Jim Wiard Articles , Industry Trends ,
Apartment Industry & Its Residents Contribute $3.4 Trillion to the National Economy

A new Hoyt Advisory Study commissioned by the National Apartment Association (NAA) and National Multifamily Housing Council (NMHC) reveals that the apartment/multifamily industry and its residents annually contribute more than $3.4 trillion to the national economy. The new report, available at WeAreApartments.org, provides a detailed breakout of the economic impact nationally, by state, and in 50 metro areas.

New data shows how different aspects of the apartment industry positively impact national, state and local economies. Resident spending contributes $3.0 trillion to the U.S. economy, while operations add $175.2 billion. New construction contributes $150.1 billion and renovation and repair add $68.8 billion.

Highlights from the report include:

  • All four sectors of the industry have posted very strong growth, punctuated by the construction industry ramping up to meet the unprecedented demand for apartments this cycle – reaching a height of 346,900 completions in 2017, up from 129,900 in 2011.
  • Previous research by Hoyt Advisory Services found that we need to build an average of 328,000 apartments per year at a variety of price points to meet existing demand, which would bring continued economic activity. This number of multifamily completions has only been surpassed twice since 1989.
  • Hoyt research also found that a significant portion of the existing apartment stock will need to be renovated in the coming years, boosting spending in the renovation and repair sector.
  • The combined contribution of apartment construction, operations, renovation, and resident spending equals $3.4 trillion per year or more than $9.3 billion daily.
“The apartment industry’s contribution is one that has grown in recent years, fueled by increased rental demand overall as population and employment growth continue and renting becomes a preferred tenure choice for millions of Americans,” said Eileen Marrinan, Managing Director of Eigen 10 Advisors, which partnered with Hoyt.
“Construction is still moving ahead, as there’s a need for additional apartments in many states. And, due to an abundance of aging stock, there’s a growing need for renovations and improvements on existing apartment buildings. Construction and renovation/repair will provide a sizable boost in jobs – and the economy – nationwide, and will continue to be a hefty contribution to the country’s economy for decades,” said NMHC President Douglas M. Bibby.


“The multifamily industry is an economic engine powering the economy very significantly at the national, state and local levels,” said NAA President Robert Pinnegar. “This clearly illustrates the tremendous positive impact our apartments have on the communities they serve.”

This study provides data to back up the assertion that the apartment industry contributes to national, state and local tax economies. Tax payments associated with apartment operations, as well as tax payments by apartment residents, contributed $408.9 billion to the national economy. These taxes support schools, improvements to local infrastructure and other critical services in communities across the country.

Visit www.WeAreApartments.org and view the data, which is broken down by state and metro area. Visitors can also use the Apartment Community Estimator (ACE), a tool that allows users to enter the number of apartment homes of an existing or proposed community to determine the potential economic impact within a particular state or metro area.

Based on research conducted by Hoyt Advisory Services and commissioned by NAA and NMHC, the data includes insights into the apartment industry’s economic impact in the United States, the 50 states and 50 metro areas, including the District of Columbia. For the purposes of this study, apartments are defined as rental apartments in buildings with five or more units. The data are available on the website www.WeAreApartments.org.